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Entry version 99 (03 Jul 2019)
Sequence version 1 (24 May 2005)
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Protein

Fumarate hydratase, mitochondrial

Gene

fumH

Organism
Dictyostelium discoideum (Slime mold)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the reversible stereospecific interconversion of fumarate to L-malate.By similarity
Isoform Mitochondrial: Catalyzes the hydration of fumarate to L-malate in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle to facilitate a transition step in the production of energy in the form of NADH.By similarity

Miscellaneous

There are 2 substrate-binding sites: the catalytic A site, and the non-catalytic B site that may play a role in the transfer of substrate or product between the active site and the solvent. Alternatively, the B site may bind allosteric effectors.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: tricarboxylic acid cycle

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes (S)-malate from fumarate.By similarity
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Fumarate hydratase, mitochondrial (fumH)
This subpathway is part of the pathway tricarboxylic acid cycle, which is itself part of Carbohydrate metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes (S)-malate from fumarate, the pathway tricarboxylic acid cycle and in Carbohydrate metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei208SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei209Proton donor/acceptorBy similarity1
Active sitei339By similarity1
Binding sitei340SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei352Important for catalytic activityBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase
Biological processTricarboxylic acid cycle

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-DDI-71403 Citric acid cycle (TCA cycle)

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00223;UER01007

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Fumarate hydratase, mitochondrialBy similarity (EC:4.2.1.2By similarity)
Short name:
FumaraseBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:fumHImported
ORF Names:DDB_G0280495
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDictyostelium discoideum (Slime mold)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri44689 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaAmoebozoaMycetozoaDictyostelidsDictyostelialesDictyosteliaceaeDictyostelium
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002195 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componentsi: Chromosome 3, Unassembled WGS sequence

Organism-specific databases

Dictyostelium discoideum online informatics resource

More...
dictyBasei
DDB_G0280495 fumH

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Isoform Mitochondrial :
Isoform Cytoplasmic :

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Mitochondrion

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 19MitochondrionSequence analysisAdd BLAST19
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000033136020 – 485Fumarate hydratase, mitochondrialAdd BLAST466

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q54VA2

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
44689.DDB0231397

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q54VA2

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni118 – 120Substrate bindingBy similarity3
Regioni150 – 153Substrate binding (B site)By similarity4
Regioni160 – 162Substrate bindingBy similarity3
Regioni345 – 347Substrate bindingBy similarity3

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1317 Eukaryota
COG0114 LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q54VA2

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01679

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
FELNVYN

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q54VA2

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd01362 Fumarase_classII, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.275.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00743 FumaraseC, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR005677 Fum_hydII
IPR024083 Fumarase/histidase_N
IPR018951 Fumarase_C_C
IPR020557 Fumarate_lyase_CS
IPR000362 Fumarate_lyase_fam
IPR022761 Fumarate_lyase_N
IPR008948 L-Aspartase-like

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11444 PTHR11444, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF10415 FumaraseC_C, 1 hit
PF00206 Lyase_1, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00149 FUMRATELYASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48557 SSF48557, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00979 fumC_II, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00163 FUMARATE_LYASES, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative initiation. AlignAdd to basket
Isoform Mitochondrial (identifier: Q54VA2-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLSASRKLNN QQFLKTIRNM TTFRSEFDTF GEVKVNDEKY WGAQTQRSLE
60 70 80 90 100
NFDIGGESEK MPLMVVRSFG ILKRCAAIVN KKYGLDATIA DNIAKAATEV
110 120 130 140 150
VEGKLDDQFP LVVFQTGSGT QSNMNANEVI SNRAIELMTG KRDFSKKLVH
160 170 180 190 200
PNDHVNKSQS SNDTFPTCMH IAAAISINEK LVPALEMLLA AMRTKQNEFN
210 220 230 240 250
HIIKIGRTHL QDATPLTLGQ EFSGYCTQIE YGIQRIKDTL PRLYNLAQGG
260 270 280 290 300
TAVGTGLNTP VGFDVDIASE VAKFTGLPFK TAPNKFEALA AHDAMVEVSG
310 320 330 340 350
ALNTVAVSLM KIANDIRFLG SGPRCGLGEL ILPENEPGSS IMPGKVNPTQ
360 370 380 390 400
CEAMTMVCAQ VMGNNTTVSI AGSNGHFELN VFKPVIIKNV LSSIRLIADA
410 420 430 440 450
SVSFTKHCVV GIKADEKRID QLLHESLMLV TALNPYIGYD KAAKAAKKAH
460 470 480
KEKTTLKEAC LSLGFTTSEE FDKWVDPSKM IGSMK
Length:485
Mass (Da):52,963
Last modified:May 24, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA70941925A48FBBE
GO
Isoform Cytoplasmic (identifier: Q54VA2-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     1-19: Missing.

Show »
Length:466
Mass (Da):50,718
Checksum:iF428A15A5F9FB22B
GO

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_0331851 – 19Missing in isoform Cytoplasmic. CuratedAdd BLAST19

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AAFI02000036 Genomic DNA Translation: EAL67226.1
AAFI02000036 Genomic DNA Translation: EAL67227.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
XP_001134561.1, XM_001134561.1
XP_641207.1, XM_636115.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl protists genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblProtistsi
EAL67226; EAL67226; DDB_G0280495
EAL67227; EAL67227; DDB_G0280495

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
8622588

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ddi:DDB_G0280495

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative initiation

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AAFI02000036 Genomic DNA Translation: EAL67226.1
AAFI02000036 Genomic DNA Translation: EAL67227.1
RefSeqiXP_001134561.1, XM_001134561.1
XP_641207.1, XM_636115.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ54VA2
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi44689.DDB0231397

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ54VA2

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblProtistsiEAL67226; EAL67226; DDB_G0280495
EAL67227; EAL67227; DDB_G0280495
GeneIDi8622588
KEGGiddi:DDB_G0280495

Organism-specific databases

dictyBaseiDDB_G0280495 fumH

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1317 Eukaryota
COG0114 LUCA
InParanoidiQ54VA2
KOiK01679
OMAiFELNVYN
PhylomeDBiQ54VA2

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00223;UER01007
ReactomeiR-DDI-71403 Citric acid cycle (TCA cycle)

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q54VA2

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01362 Fumarase_classII, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.275.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00743 FumaraseC, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR005677 Fum_hydII
IPR024083 Fumarase/histidase_N
IPR018951 Fumarase_C_C
IPR020557 Fumarate_lyase_CS
IPR000362 Fumarate_lyase_fam
IPR022761 Fumarate_lyase_N
IPR008948 L-Aspartase-like
PANTHERiPTHR11444 PTHR11444, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF10415 FumaraseC_C, 1 hit
PF00206 Lyase_1, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00149 FUMRATELYASE
SUPFAMiSSF48557 SSF48557, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00979 fumC_II, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00163 FUMARATE_LYASES, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFUMH_DICDI
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q54VA2
Secondary accession number(s): Q54VA1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 29, 2008
Last sequence update: May 24, 2005
Last modified: July 3, 2019
This is version 99 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Dictyostelium discoideum
    Dictyostelium discoideum: entries, gene names and cross-references to dictyBase
  3. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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