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Entry version 124 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1996)
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Protein

Fumarate hydratase class II 2

Gene

fumC2

Organism
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / DSM 22644 / CIP 104116 / JCM 14847 / LMG 12228 / 1C / PRS 101 / PAO1)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the TCA cycle. Catalyzes the stereospecific interconversion of fumarate to L-malate.UniRule annotation

Miscellaneous

There are 2 substrate-binding sites: the catalytic A site, and the non-catalytic B site that may play a role in the transfer of substrate or product between the active site and the solvent. Alternatively, the B site may bind allosteric effectors.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: tricarboxylic acid cycle

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes (S)-malate from fumarate.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Fumarate hydratase class II 2 (fumC2), Fumarate hydratase class II 1 (fumC1)
This subpathway is part of the pathway tricarboxylic acid cycle, which is itself part of Carbohydrate metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes (S)-malate from fumarate, the pathway tricarboxylic acid cycle and in Carbohydrate metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei181SubstrateUniRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei182Proton donor/acceptorUniRule annotation1
Active sitei312UniRule annotation1
Binding sitei313SubstrateUniRule annotation1
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei325Important for catalytic activityUniRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase
Biological processTricarboxylic acid cycle

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
PAER208964:G1FZ6-4559-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00223;UER01007

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Fumarate hydratase class II 2UniRule annotation (EC:4.2.1.2UniRule annotation)
Short name:
Fumarase C 2UniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
Aerobic fumarase 2UniRule annotation
Iron-independent fumarase 2UniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:fumC2UniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:PA4470
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / DSM 22644 / CIP 104116 / JCM 14847 / LMG 12228 / 1C / PRS 101 / PAO1)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri208964 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaPseudomonadalesPseudomonadaceaePseudomonas
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002438 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

Organism-specific databases

Pseudomonas genome database

More...
PseudoCAPi
PA4470

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001612991 – 458Fumarate hydratase class II 2Add BLAST458

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q51404

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q51404

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.

UniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q51404

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni98 – 100Substrate bindingUniRule annotation3
Regioni123 – 126Substrate binding (B site)UniRule annotation4
Regioni133 – 135Substrate bindingUniRule annotation3
Regioni318 – 320Substrate bindingUniRule annotation3

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the class-II fumarase/aspartase family. Fumarase subfamily.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105C9Q Bacteria
COG0114 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000061736

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q51404

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01679

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
RIATIWN

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q51404

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd01362 Fumarase_classII, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.275.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00743 FumaraseC, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR005677 Fum_hydII
IPR024083 Fumarase/histidase_N
IPR018951 Fumarase_C_C
IPR020557 Fumarate_lyase_CS
IPR000362 Fumarate_lyase_fam
IPR022761 Fumarate_lyase_N
IPR008948 L-Aspartase-like

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11444 PTHR11444, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF10415 FumaraseC_C, 1 hit
PF00206 Lyase_1, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00149 FUMRATELYASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48557 SSF48557, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00163 FUMARATE_LYASES, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q51404-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTDTRIERDS MGELAVPATA LYGAQTQRAV NNFPVSGQRM PQAFVRALLL
60 70 80 90 100
AKAAAARANV SLQQLDAPMG EAIADTCLQL LQEDFMQHFP VDVFQTGSGT
110 120 130 140 150
SSNMNANEVV ATLASRRLGG KVNPNDHVNC GQSSNDIIPS TIHISAALEI
160 170 180 190 200
SERLLPALRH LEQTIQSKAG EVHAYVKTGR THLMDAMPVR MSQVLGGWAQ
210 220 230 240 250
QVRQAGVHIE SVLPALQQLA QGGTAVGTGI NAHPRFAERF SQELNDLTGL
260 270 280 290 300
AFRPGDDFFA LIGSQDTAVA ASGQLKTLAV TLMKLANDLR WMNSGPLAGL
310 320 330 340 350
GEIELEALQP GSSIMPGKVN PVIPEATAMV AAQVIGNDAA IAVAGQSGNF
360 370 380 390 400
ELNVMLPLVA DNLLHSIQLL ANVSRLLADK AIASFKVNQG KLSEALARNP
410 420 430 440 450
ILVTALNPII GYQKAAEIAK QAYREGRPII DVALENTDLD RARLEVLLDP

EKLTAGGL
Length:458
Mass (Da):48,696
Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i48D87C8B1C76B708
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAB17389 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Truncated N-terminus.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti156P → S in AAB17389 (PubMed:8806672).Curated1
Sequence conflicti222G → A in AAB17389 (PubMed:8806672).Curated1
Sequence conflicti331A → G in AAB17389 (PubMed:8806672).Curated1
Sequence conflicti340Missing in AAB17389 (PubMed:8806672).Curated1
Sequence conflicti362N → T in AAB17389 (PubMed:8806672).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U59458 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB02830.1
U72494 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB17389.1 Different initiation.
AE004091 Genomic DNA Translation: AAG07858.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
F83088
JC4982

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_253160.1, NC_002516.2
WP_003112741.1, NZ_QZGE01000004.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAG07858; AAG07858; PA4470

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
881033

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
pae:PA4470

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|208964.12.peg.4680

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U59458 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB02830.1
U72494 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB17389.1 Different initiation.
AE004091 Genomic DNA Translation: AAG07858.1
PIRiF83088
JC4982
RefSeqiNP_253160.1, NC_002516.2
WP_003112741.1, NZ_QZGE01000004.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ51404
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ51404
PRIDEiQ51404

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAG07858; AAG07858; PA4470
GeneIDi881033
KEGGipae:PA4470
PATRICifig|208964.12.peg.4680

Organism-specific databases

PseudoCAPiPA4470

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105C9Q Bacteria
COG0114 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000061736
InParanoidiQ51404
KOiK01679
OMAiRIATIWN
PhylomeDBiQ51404

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00223;UER01007
BioCyciPAER208964:G1FZ6-4559-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01362 Fumarase_classII, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.275.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00743 FumaraseC, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR005677 Fum_hydII
IPR024083 Fumarase/histidase_N
IPR018951 Fumarase_C_C
IPR020557 Fumarate_lyase_CS
IPR000362 Fumarate_lyase_fam
IPR022761 Fumarate_lyase_N
IPR008948 L-Aspartase-like
PANTHERiPTHR11444 PTHR11444, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF10415 FumaraseC_C, 1 hit
PF00206 Lyase_1, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00149 FUMRATELYASE
SUPFAMiSSF48557 SSF48557, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00163 FUMARATE_LYASES, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFUMC2_PSEAE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q51404
Secondary accession number(s): P72168
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 124 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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