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Entry version 26 (13 Nov 2019)
Sequence version 1 (16 Apr 2014)
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Protein

Probable endoribonuclease HigB1

Gene

higB1

Organism
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Toxic component of an atypical, type II toxin-antitoxin chaperone (TAC) system. Upon expression in M.smegmatis inhibits colony formation and cell growth (PubMed:20011113, PubMed:23927792). Ectopic expression in wild-type M.tuberculosis has no effect on cell growth; ectopic expression in a triple higB1-higA1-Rv1957 (delta TAC) disruption mutant causes growth arrest, killing a considerable proportion of the cells. Increased ectopic expression leads to decreased levels of IdeR- and Zur-regulated genes as well as cleavage within the mRNA region of tmRNA (transfer-mRNA), strongly suggesting it is an endoribonuclease; also degrades E.coli and M-smegmatis tmRNA (PubMed:23927792). Its toxic effect is neutralized by coexpression with antitoxin HigA. Neutralization of HigB1 toxin in E.coli or M.marinum also requires SecB-like chaperone Rv1957, making this the first toxin-antitoxin chaperone (TAC) system (PubMed:21536872).4 Publications

Caution

Upon expression in E.coli, Rv1955 has been shown to function as an antitoxin against Rv1956 (PubMed:19016878). It is not clear if these conflicting results are due to expression in a heterologous system. The gene names higA and higB have been assigned to both Rv1955 and Rv1956; we have chosen to call Rv1955 higB1 after consulting the authors.1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • negative regulation of growth Source: MTBBASE
  • positive regulation of growth Source: MTBBASE
  • response to hypoxia Source: MTBBASE

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionEndonuclease, Hydrolase, Nuclease
Biological processToxin-antitoxin system

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
MTBH37RV:G185E-6153-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Probable endoribonuclease HigB11 Publication (EC:3.1.-.-)
Alternative name(s):
Toxin HigB11 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:higB11 Publication
Synonyms:higB
Ordered Locus Names:Rv1955
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83332 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaActinobacteriaCorynebacterialesMycobacteriaceaeMycobacteriumMycobacterium tuberculosis complex
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001584 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

Organism-specific databases

Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain H37Rv genome database

More...
TubercuListi
Rv1955

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

A triple higB1-higA1-Rv1957 disruption mutant has no visible phenotype.1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004073701 – 125Probable endoribonuclease HigB1Add BLAST125

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P9WJA5

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

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PRIDEi
P9WJA5

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Induced by hypoxia and by DNA damaging agent mitomycin C. Part of the Rv1954A-higB1-higA1-Rv1957 operon, as well as the higB1-higA1-Rv1957 operon, which is probably the mitomycin-induced operon; the former but not latter operon is autorepressed by HigA1 (PubMed:20585061). Induced in persister cells in response to D-cycloserine (PubMed:21673191).4 Publications

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
83332.Rv1955

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P9WJA5

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the mycobacterial HigB family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG41076GM Bacteria
ENOG410ZAXB LUCA

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR009241 HigB-like

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF05973 Gp49, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P9WJA5-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MPPPDPAAMG TWKFFRASVD GRPVFKKEFD KLPDQARAAL IVLMQRYLVG
60 70 80 90 100
DLAAGSIKPI RGDILELRWH EANNHFRVLF FRWGQHPVAL TAFYKNQQKT
110 120
PKTKIETALD RQKIWKRAFG DTPPI
Length:125
Mass (Da):14,430
Last modified:April 16, 2014 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i1CB206A94F0A92D5
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL123456 Genomic DNA Translation: CCP44723.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
G70638

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_216471.2, NC_000962.3
WP_010886136.1, NC_000962.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CCP44723; CCP44723; Rv1955

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
885966

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mtu:Rv1955

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

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PATRICi
fig|83332.12.peg.2183

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL123456 Genomic DNA Translation: CCP44723.1
PIRiG70638
RefSeqiNP_216471.2, NC_000962.3
WP_010886136.1, NC_000962.3

3D structure databases

SMRiP9WJA5
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi83332.Rv1955

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP9WJA5
PRIDEiP9WJA5

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCCP44723; CCP44723; Rv1955
GeneIDi885966
KEGGimtu:Rv1955
PATRICifig|83332.12.peg.2183

Organism-specific databases

TubercuListiRv1955

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG41076GM Bacteria
ENOG410ZAXB LUCA

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciMTBH37RV:G185E-6153-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009241 HigB-like
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF05973 Gp49, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiHIGB1_MYCTU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P9WJA5
Secondary accession number(s): L0T8D1, P95259, Q7D7P9
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 16, 2014
Last sequence update: April 16, 2014
Last modified: November 13, 2019
This is version 26 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains ATCC 25618 / H37Rv and CDC 1551 / Oshkosh
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains ATCC 25618 / H37Rv and CDC 1551 / Oshkosh: entries and gene names
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