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Entry version 29 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 1 (16 Apr 2014)
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Protein

3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase subunit beta

Gene

bkdB

Organism
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Component of the branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase (BCKADH) complex, that catalyzes the overall conversion of branched-chain alpha-ketoacids to acyl-CoA and CO2.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

thiamine diphosphateBy similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei51Thiamine pyrophosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei104Thiamine pyrophosphateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei151Proton acceptorBy similarity1
Binding sitei151SubstrateBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
LigandThiamine pyrophosphate

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
MTBH37RV:G185E-6732-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase subunit beta (EC:1.2.4.4)
Alternative name(s):
Branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase E1 component subunit beta
Short name:
BCKADH E1-beta
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:bkdB
Synonyms:pdhB
Ordered Locus Names:Rv2496c
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83332 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaActinobacteriaCorynebacterialesMycobacteriaceaeMycobacteriumMycobacterium tuberculosis complex
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001584 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

Organism-specific databases

Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain H37Rv genome database

More...
TubercuListi
Rv2496c

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004205191 – 3483-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase subunit betaAdd BLAST348

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P9WIS1

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Up-regulated upon nutrient starvation. Is also highly up-regulated in a DlaT-deficient strain. Part of the bkdABC operon.2 Publications

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heteromer of E1 alpha (BkdA) and beta (BkdB) subunits. Part of the BCKADH complex, consisting of multiple copies of BkdA/BkdB (E1), BkdC (E2) and Lpd (E3).

2 Publications

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
83332.Rv2496c

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P9WIS1

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni80 – 82Thiamine pyrophosphate bindingBy similarity3
Regioni105 – 108Substrate bindingBy similarity4
Regioni108 – 111Thiamine pyrophosphate bindingBy similarity4

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105CPP Bacteria
COG0022 LUCA

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00162

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
VQERCFH

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P9WIS1

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.920, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029061 THDP-binding
IPR009014 Transketo_C/PFOR_II
IPR005475 Transketolase-like_Pyr-bd
IPR033248 Transketolase_C

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02779 Transket_pyr, 1 hit
PF02780 Transketolase_C, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00861 Transket_pyr, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52518 SSF52518, 1 hit
SSF52922 SSF52922, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P9WIS1-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTQIADRPAR PDETLAVAVS DITQSLTMVQ AINRALYDAM AADERVLVFG
60 70 80 90 100
EDVAVEGGVF RVTEGLADTF GADRCFDTPL AESAIIGIAV GLALRGFVPV
110 120 130 140 150
PEIQFDGFSY PAFDQVVSHL AKYRTRTRGE VDMPVTVRIP SFGGIGAAEH
160 170 180 190 200
HSDSTESYWV HTAGLKVVVP STPGDAYWLL RHAIACPDPV MYLEPKRRYH
210 220 230 240 250
GRGMVDTSRP EPPIGHAMVR RSGTDVTVVT YGNLVSTALS SADTAEQQHD
260 270 280 290 300
WSLEVIDLRS LAPLDFDTIA ASIQRTGRCV VMHEGPRSLG YGAGLAARIQ
310 320 330 340
EEMFYQLEAP VLRACGFDTP YPPARLEKLW LPGPDRLLDC VERVLRQP
Length:348
Mass (Da):38,064
Last modified:April 16, 2014 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i71D54633EEEB9A3E
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL123456 Genomic DNA Translation: CCP45290.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
H70549

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_217012.1, NC_000962.3
WP_003412757.1, NZ_NVQJ01000063.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CCP45290; CCP45290; Rv2496c

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
888571

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mtu:Rv2496c
mtv:RVBD_2496c

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL123456 Genomic DNA Translation: CCP45290.1
PIRiH70549
RefSeqiNP_217012.1, NC_000962.3
WP_003412757.1, NZ_NVQJ01000063.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP9WIS1
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi83332.Rv2496c

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP9WIS1

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCCP45290; CCP45290; Rv2496c
GeneIDi888571
KEGGimtu:Rv2496c
mtv:RVBD_2496c

Organism-specific databases

TubercuListiRv2496c

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105CPP Bacteria
COG0022 LUCA
KOiK00162
OMAiVQERCFH
PhylomeDBiP9WIS1

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciMTBH37RV:G185E-6732-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.920, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029061 THDP-binding
IPR009014 Transketo_C/PFOR_II
IPR005475 Transketolase-like_Pyr-bd
IPR033248 Transketolase_C
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02779 Transket_pyr, 1 hit
PF02780 Transketolase_C, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00861 Transket_pyr, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52518 SSF52518, 1 hit
SSF52922 SSF52922, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiBKDB_MYCTU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P9WIS1
Secondary accession number(s): F2GH62
, L0T9T3, O06160, Q7D715
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 16, 2014
Last sequence update: April 16, 2014
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 29 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains ATCC 25618 / H37Rv and CDC 1551 / Oshkosh
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains ATCC 25618 / H37Rv and CDC 1551 / Oshkosh: entries and gene names
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