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Entry version 27 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 1 (16 Apr 2014)
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Protein

Prephenate dehydratase

Gene

pheA

Organism
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Miscellaneous

Was identified as a high-confidence drug target.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Allosterically regulated by all of the three aromatic amino acids (phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan). Inhibited by low concentrations of aromatic amino acids and highly activated at higher concentrations. Ionic interactions are required for optimal activity.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=500 µM for prephenate1 Publication
  1. Vmax=125 µmol/min/mg enzyme1 Publication

pH dependencei

Optimum pH is 6-7.1 Publication

Temperature dependencei

Optimum temperature is 37-42 degrees Celsius.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-phenylalanine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes phenylpyruvate from prephenate.
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Prephenate dehydratase (pheA)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-phenylalanine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes phenylpyruvate from prephenate, the pathway L-phenylalanine biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei182Essential for activityBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAllosteric enzyme, Lyase
Biological processAmino-acid biosynthesis, Aromatic amino acid biosynthesis, Phenylalanine biosynthesis

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
MTBH37RV:G185E-8134-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00121;UER00345

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Prephenate dehydratase (EC:4.2.1.51)
Short name:
PDT
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:pheA
Ordered Locus Names:Rv3838c
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83332 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaActinobacteriaCorynebacterialesMycobacteriaceaeMycobacteriumMycobacterium tuberculosis complex
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001584 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

Organism-specific databases

Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain H37Rv genome database

More...
TubercuListi
Rv3838c

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003820291 – 321Prephenate dehydrataseAdd BLAST321

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P9WIC3

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P9WIC3

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
83332.Rv3838c

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P9WIC3

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini3 – 189Prephenate dehydratasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST187
Domaini203 – 280ACTPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST78

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

Both domains are absolutely required for activity. In the absence of the ACT domain, the enzyme not only loses its regulatory activity, but also its catalytic activity.1 Publication

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105CQC Bacteria
COG0077 LUCA

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K04518

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
REVMSAC

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P9WIC3

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002912 ACT_dom
IPR008242 Chor_mutase/pphenate_deHydtase
IPR001086 Preph_deHydtase
IPR018528 Preph_deHydtase_CS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01842 ACT, 1 hit
PF00800 PDT, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF001500 Chor_mut_pdt_Ppr, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51671 ACT, 1 hit
PS00858 PREPHENATE_DEHYDR_2, 1 hit
PS51171 PREPHENATE_DEHYDR_3, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P9WIC3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVRIAYLGPE GTFTEAALVR MVAAGLVPET GPDALQRMPV ESAPAALAAV
60 70 80 90 100
RDGGADYACV PIENSIDGSV LPTLDSLAIG VRLQVFAETT LDVTFSIVVK
110 120 130 140 150
PGRNAADVRT LAAFPVAAAQ VRQWLAAHLP AADLRPAYSN ADAARQVADG
160 170 180 190 200
LVDAAVTSPL AAARWGLAAL ADGVVDESNA RTRFVLVGRP GPPPARTGAD
210 220 230 240 250
RTSAVLRIDN QPGALVAALA EFGIRGIDLT RIESRPTRTE LGTYLFFVDC
260 270 280 290 300
VGHIDDEAVA EALKAVHRRC ADVRYLGSWP TGPAAGAQPP LVDEASRWLA
310 320
RLRAGKPEQT LVRPDDQGAQ A
Length:321
Mass (Da):33,633
Last modified:April 16, 2014 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA50F13226F788EE5
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL123456 Genomic DNA Translation: CCP46667.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
C70653

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_218355.1, NC_000962.3
WP_003420906.1, NZ_NVQJ01000022.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CCP46667; CCP46667; Rv3838c

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
886170

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mtu:Rv3838c
mtv:RVBD_3838c

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL123456 Genomic DNA Translation: CCP46667.1
PIRiC70653
RefSeqiNP_218355.1, NC_000962.3
WP_003420906.1, NZ_NVQJ01000022.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP9WIC3
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi83332.Rv3838c

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP9WIC3
PRIDEiP9WIC3

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCCP46667; CCP46667; Rv3838c
GeneIDi886170
KEGGimtu:Rv3838c
mtv:RVBD_3838c

Organism-specific databases

TubercuListiRv3838c

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105CQC Bacteria
COG0077 LUCA
KOiK04518
OMAiREVMSAC
PhylomeDBiP9WIC3

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00121;UER00345
BioCyciMTBH37RV:G185E-8134-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002912 ACT_dom
IPR008242 Chor_mutase/pphenate_deHydtase
IPR001086 Preph_deHydtase
IPR018528 Preph_deHydtase_CS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01842 ACT, 1 hit
PF00800 PDT, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001500 Chor_mut_pdt_Ppr, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51671 ACT, 1 hit
PS00858 PREPHENATE_DEHYDR_2, 1 hit
PS51171 PREPHENATE_DEHYDR_3, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPHEA_MYCTU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P9WIC3
Secondary accession number(s): L0TFE5, P96240, Q7D4S0
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 16, 2014
Last sequence update: April 16, 2014
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 27 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains ATCC 25618 / H37Rv and CDC 1551 / Oshkosh
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains ATCC 25618 / H37Rv and CDC 1551 / Oshkosh: entries and gene names
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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