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Entry version 121 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 2 (01 Dec 1992)
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Protein

Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase 3

Gene
N/A
Organism
Sorghum bicolor (Sorghum) (Sorghum vulgare)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Through the carboxylation of phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) it forms oxaloacetate, a four-carbon dicarboxylic acid source for the tricarboxylic acid cycle.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

By light-reversible phosphorylation.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: C4 acid pathway

This protein is involved in the pathway C4 acid pathway, which is part of Photosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway C4 acid pathway and in Photosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei167By similarity1
Active sitei597By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAllosteric enzyme, Lyase
Biological processCarbon dioxide fixation, Photosynthesis
LigandMagnesium

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
4.1.1.31 5768

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
P15804

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00322

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase 3 (EC:4.1.1.31)
Short name:
PEPC 3
Short name:
PEPCase 3
Alternative name(s):
CP46
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSorghum bicolor (Sorghum) (Sorghum vulgare)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4558 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaLiliopsidaPoalesPoaceaePACMAD cladePanicoideaeAndropogonodaeAndropogoneaeSorghinaeSorghum

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001666781 – 960Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase 3Add BLAST960

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei8Phosphoserine1 Publication1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P15804

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P15804

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P15804 baseline

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4558.Sb10g021330.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P15804

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the PEPCase type 1 family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410JW91 Eukaryota
COG2352 LUCA

Family and domain databases

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00595 PEPcase_type1, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR021135 PEP_COase
IPR022805 PEP_COase_bac/pln-type
IPR018129 PEP_COase_Lys_AS
IPR033129 PEPCASE_His_AS
IPR015813 Pyrv/PenolPyrv_Kinase-like_dom

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR30523 PTHR30523, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00311 PEPcase, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00150 PEPCARBXLASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51621 SSF51621, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00781 PEPCASE_1, 1 hit
PS00393 PEPCASE_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P15804-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MASERHHSID AQLRALAPGK VSEELIQYDA LLVDRFLDIL QDLHGPSLRE
60 70 80 90 100
FVQECYEVSA DYEGKKDTSK LGELGAKLTG LAPADAILVA SSILHMLNLA
110 120 130 140 150
NLAEEVELAH RRRNSKLKHG DFSDEGSATT ESDIEETLKR LVSLGKTPAE
160 170 180 190 200
VFEALKNQSV DLVFTAHPTQ SARRSLLQKN ARIRNCLTQL SAKDVTVEDK
210 220 230 240 250
KELDEALHRE IQAAFRTDEI RRAQPTPQDE MRYGMSYIHE TVWNGVPKFL
260 270 280 290 300
RRVDTALKNI GINERLPYDV PLIKFCSWMG GDRDGNPRVT PEVTRDVCLL
310 320 330 340 350
SRMMAANLYI NQVEDLMFEL SMWRCNDELR ARAEEVQSTP ASKKVTKYYI
360 370 380 390 400
EFWKQIPPNE PYRVILGAVR DKLYNTRERA RHLLATGFSE ISEDAVFTKI
410 420 430 440 450
EEFLEPLELC YKSLCECGDK AIADGSLLDL LRQVFTFGLS LVKLDIRQES
460 470 480 490 500
ERQTDVIDAI TTHLGIGSYR SWPEDKRMEW LVSELKGKRP LLPPDLPMTE
510 520 530 540 550
EIADVIGAMR VLAELPIDSF GPYIISMCTA PSDVLAVELL QRECGIRQTL
560 570 580 590 600
PVVPLFERLA DLQAAPASVE KLFSTDWYIN HINGKQQVMV GYSDSGKDAG
610 620 630 640 650
RLSAAWQLYV AQEEMAKVAK KYGVKLTLFH GRGGTVGRGG GPTHLAILSQ
660 670 680 690 700
PPDTINGSIR VTVQGEVIEF MFGEENLCFQ SLQRFTAATL EHGMHPPVSP
710 720 730 740 750
KPEWRKLMEE MAVVATEEYR SVVVKEPRFV EYFRSATPET EYGKMNIGSR
760 770 780 790 800
PAKRRPGGGI TTLRAIPWIF SWTQTRFHLP VWLGVGAAFK WAIDKDIKNF
810 820 830 840 850
QKLKEMYNEW PFFRVTLDLL EMVFAKGDPG IAGLYDELLV AEELKPFGKQ
860 870 880 890 900
LRDKYVETQQ LLLQIAGHKD ILEGDPYLKQ GLRLRNPYIT TLNVFQAYTL
910 920 930 940 950
KRIRDPSFKV TPQPPLSKEF ADENKPAGLV KLNGERVPPG LEDTLILTMK
960
GIAAGMQNTG
Length:960
Mass (Da):108,372
Last modified:December 1, 1992 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iAE84FE6FDA214403
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X17379 mRNA Translation: CAA35251.2
X63756 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA45284.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S08216 QYMG
S22507

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X17379 mRNA Translation: CAA35251.2
X63756 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA45284.1
PIRiS08216 QYMG
S22507

3D structure databases

SMRiP15804
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi4558.Sb10g021330.1

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP15804

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP15804

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410JW91 Eukaryota
COG2352 LUCA

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00322
BRENDAi4.1.1.31 5768
SABIO-RKiP15804

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP15804 baseline

Family and domain databases

HAMAPiMF_00595 PEPcase_type1, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR021135 PEP_COase
IPR022805 PEP_COase_bac/pln-type
IPR018129 PEP_COase_Lys_AS
IPR033129 PEPCASE_His_AS
IPR015813 Pyrv/PenolPyrv_Kinase-like_dom
PANTHERiPTHR30523 PTHR30523, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00311 PEPcase, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00150 PEPCARBXLASE
SUPFAMiSSF51621 SSF51621, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00781 PEPCASE_1, 1 hit
PS00393 PEPCASE_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCAPP3_SORBI
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P15804
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 1, 1990
Last sequence update: December 1, 1992
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 121 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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