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Entry version 128 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 3 (22 Sep 2009)
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Protein

Fumarate hydratase, mitochondrial

Gene

fum1

Organism
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (strain 972 / ATCC 24843) (Fission yeast)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the reversible stereospecific interconversion of fumarate to L-malate. In mitochondrion, catalyzes the hydration of fumarate to L-malate in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle to facilitate a transition step in the production of energy in the form of NADH. In cytoplasm and nucleus, involved in DNA repair in response to DNA damage: following DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), translocates from the cytosol to the nucleus and promotes DNA repair by catalyzing the dehydration of L-malate to fumarate.By similarity

Miscellaneous

There are 2 substrate-binding sites: the catalytic A site, and the non-catalytic B site that may play a role in the transfer of substrate or product between the active site and the solvent. Alternatively, the B site may bind allosteric effectors (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: tricarboxylic acid cycle

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes (S)-malate from fumarate.By similarity
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Fumarate hydratase, mitochondrial (fum1)
This subpathway is part of the pathway tricarboxylic acid cycle, which is itself part of Carbohydrate metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes (S)-malate from fumarate, the pathway tricarboxylic acid cycle and in Carbohydrate metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei242SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei243Proton donor/acceptorBy similarity1
Active sitei373By similarity1
Binding sitei374SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei386Important for catalytic activityBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase
Biological processDNA damage, DNA repair, Tricarboxylic acid cycle

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-SPO-71403 Citric acid cycle (TCA cycle)

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00223;UER01007

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Fumarate hydratase, mitochondrial (EC:4.2.1.2By similarity)
Short name:
Fumarase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:fum1
ORF Names:SPCC18.18c, SPCC290.01c
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSchizosaccharomyces pombe (strain 972 / ATCC 24843) (Fission yeast)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri284812 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaTaphrinomycotinaSchizosaccharomycetesSchizosaccharomycetalesSchizosaccharomycetaceaeSchizosaccharomyces
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002485 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome III

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
FungiDB:SPCC18.18c

Schizosaccharomyces pombe database

More...
PomBasei
SPCC18.18c fum1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Mitochondrion, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 39MitochondrionSequence analysisAdd BLAST39
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000001033240 – 520Fumarate hydratase, mitochondrialAdd BLAST481

Proteomic databases

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

More...
MaxQBi
O94552

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
O94552

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
O94552

PTM databases

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

More...
SwissPalmi
O94552

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
275911, 2 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4896.SPCC18.18c.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
O94552

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni153 – 155Substrate bindingBy similarity3
Regioni184 – 187Substrate binding (B site)By similarity4
Regioni194 – 196Substrate bindingBy similarity3
Regioni379 – 381Substrate bindingBy similarity3

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000061736

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
O94552

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01679

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
NDLRWMG

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
O94552

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd01362 Fumarase_classII, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.275.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00743 FumaraseC, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR005677 Fum_hydII
IPR024083 Fumarase/histidase_N
IPR018951 Fumarase_C_C
IPR020557 Fumarate_lyase_CS
IPR000362 Fumarate_lyase_fam
IPR022761 Fumarate_lyase_N
IPR008948 L-Aspartase-like

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11444 PTHR11444, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF10415 FumaraseC_C, 1 hit
PF00206 Lyase_1, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00149 FUMRATELYASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48557 SSF48557, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00979 fumC_II, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00163 FUMARATE_LYASES, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

O94552-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MASVAHISTA KAIFRAGGLP CRRLITPTLT GLPLKTHRMN STTPTYHLIP
60 70 80 90 100
KGGKHGEFRQ ESDTFGPIQV PAEKYWGAQT QRSLQNFRIG GEKERLPLPL
110 120 130 140 150
VRAFGVLKRA AASVNREFGL DPKLADAIEQ AAQEVIDGRL DDNFPLVVFQ
160 170 180 190 200
TGSGTQSNMN SNEVIANRAI EILGGTLGSK KPVHPNDHVN MSQSSNDTFP
210 220 230 240 250
TVMHIASVLQ IHTHLLPAMK HLHRALKGKE EEFKNIIKIG RTHMQDATPL
260 270 280 290 300
SLGQEFSGYV TQVGYGIERI NNALPRLCLL AQGGTAVGTG LNTFEGFDVK
310 320 330 340 350
VAEKVSKLTN IEFKTAPNKF EALAAHDAIV EMSGALNVIA CSLMKIANDI
360 370 380 390 400
RQLGSGPRCG LGELILPANE PGSSIMPGKV NPTQCEALTM VCAQVMGNHA
410 420 430 440 450
TITVAGASGH CELNVFKPLL AKNILSSIRL LGDACESFTD HCVVGIEPNY
460 470 480 490 500
EGIARHLRDS LMLVTALNPH IGYDNCAKIA KTALKNKSTL KHEFVTLGFG
510 520
TPEQFDEWVR PELMISAKKV
Length:520
Mass (Da):56,322
Last modified:September 22, 2009 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i4AF0DA8BF5E14AE8
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CU329672 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA21432.3

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
T41265

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_588397.3, NM_001023388.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
SPCC18.18c.1; SPCC18.18c.1:pep; SPCC18.18c

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
2539345

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
spo:SPCC18.18c

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CU329672 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA21432.3
PIRiT41265
RefSeqiNP_588397.3, NM_001023388.3

3D structure databases

SMRiO94552
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi275911, 2 interactors
STRINGi4896.SPCC18.18c.1

PTM databases

SwissPalmiO94552

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiO94552
PaxDbiO94552
PRIDEiO94552

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiSPCC18.18c.1; SPCC18.18c.1:pep; SPCC18.18c
GeneIDi2539345
KEGGispo:SPCC18.18c

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiFungiDB:SPCC18.18c
PomBaseiSPCC18.18c fum1

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiHOG000061736
InParanoidiO94552
KOiK01679
OMAiNDLRWMG
PhylomeDBiO94552

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00223;UER01007
ReactomeiR-SPO-71403 Citric acid cycle (TCA cycle)

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:O94552

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01362 Fumarase_classII, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.275.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00743 FumaraseC, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR005677 Fum_hydII
IPR024083 Fumarase/histidase_N
IPR018951 Fumarase_C_C
IPR020557 Fumarate_lyase_CS
IPR000362 Fumarate_lyase_fam
IPR022761 Fumarate_lyase_N
IPR008948 L-Aspartase-like
PANTHERiPTHR11444 PTHR11444, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF10415 FumaraseC_C, 1 hit
PF00206 Lyase_1, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00149 FUMRATELYASE
SUPFAMiSSF48557 SSF48557, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00979 fumC_II, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00163 FUMARATE_LYASES, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFUMH_SCHPO
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O94552
Secondary accession number(s): O74868
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 28, 2003
Last sequence update: September 22, 2009
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 128 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Schizosaccharomyces pombe
    Schizosaccharomyces pombe: entries and gene names
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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