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PknH, a transmembrane Hank's type serine/threonine kinase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis is differentially expressed under stress conditions.

Sharma K., Chandra H., Gupta P.K., Pathak M., Narayan A., Meena L.S., D'Souza R.C., Chopra P., Ramachandran S., Singh Y.

Serine/threonine protein kinases (STPKs) represent a burgeoning concept in prokaryotic signaling and have been implicated in a range of control mechanisms. This paper describes the enzymatic and molecular characterization of PknH, a mycobacterial STPK. After cloning and expression as a Glutathione-S-transferase fusion protein in E. coli, PknH was found to phosphorylate itself and exogenous substrates like myelin basic protein and histone. The kinase activity of PknH was inhibited by the kinase inhibitors staurosporine and H-7. The results confirmed that PknH is a transmembrane protein and is restricted to members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. In addition, transcriptional analysis of pknH in M. tuberculosis under various stress conditions revealed that exposure to low pH and heat shock decreased the level of pknH transcription significantly. This is the first report describing differential expression of a mycobacterial kinase in response to stress conditions which can indicate its ability to regulate cellular events promoting bacterial adaptation to environmental change.

FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 233:107-113(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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