Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Identification and substrate specificity of beta -ketoacyl (acyl carrier protein) synthase III (mtFabH) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Choi K.-H., Kremer L., Besra G.S., Rock C.O.

The long-chain alpha-alkyl-beta-hydroxy fatty acids, termed mycolic acids, which are characteristic components of the mycobacterial cell wall are produced by successive rounds of elongation catalyzed by a multifunctional (type I) fatty acid synthase complex followed by a dissociated (type II) fatty acid synthase. In bacterial type II systems, the first initiation step in elongation is the condensation of acetyl-CoA with malonyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) catalyzed by beta-ketoacyl-ACP III (FabH). An open reading frame in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome (Rv0533c), now termed mtfabH, was 37.3% identical to Escherichia coli ecFabH and contained the Cys-His-Asn catalytic triad signature. However, the purified recombinant mtFabH clearly preferred long-chain acyl-CoA substrates rather than acyl-ACP primers and did not utilize acetyl-CoA as a primer in comparison to ecFabH. In addition, purified mtFabH was sensitive to thiolactomycin and resistant to cerulenin in an in vitro assay. However, mtFabH overexpression in Mycobacterium bovis BCG did not confer thiolactomycin resistance, suggesting that mtFabH may not be the primary target of thiolactomycin inhibition in vivo and led to several changes in the lipid composition of the bacilli. The data presented is consistent with a role for mtFabH as the pivotal link between the type I and type II fatty acid elongation systems in M. tuberculosis. This study opens up new avenues for the development of selective and novel anti-mycobacterial agents targeted against mtFabH.

J. Biol. Chem. 275:28201-28207(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again